Latin name: Withania somnifera Dunal (Solanaceae)
Sanskrit/Indian name: Ashvagandha, Hayahvaya, Vajigandha, Asgandh
Withania somnifera, known commonly as ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry, or winter cherry, is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. Several other species in the genus Withania are morphologically similar. It is used as an herb in Ayurvedic medicine. This species is a short, tender perennial shrub growing 35 to 75 centimeters tall. Tomentose branches extend radially from a central stem. The flowers are small and green. The ripe fruit is orange-red.