Latin name: Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa. ex Roxb.
Sanskrit/Indian name: Bilva, Shivaphala, Bel
Aegle marmelos, commonly known as bael, Bengal quince, golden apple, stone apple, wood apple, bili, is a species of tree native to India. It is present throughout Southeast Asia as a naturalized species. The tree is considered to be sacred by Hindus. Its fruits are used in traditional medicine and as a food throughout its range. The tree is called "belpatthar ka paid" in Hindi "belada mara" and the religious tree "bilva" or "bilpatre" in Kannada, "vilvam" in Tamil, "beli" in Sinhala.. The fruits are known as belada hannu (edible variety), bilva (sacred variety) in Kannada, "bela" in Oriya, "bael" in Bengali and bilva and maredu in Telugu. It is a native of India and is found widely in Asia, in countries like Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka, etc. It is called as Sivadruma by the Hindus and is considered as a sacred herb. It is widely found in Indian Siva temples since the herb is considered sacred to Shiva, the lord of health. The leaves of the plant are being offered to Gods as part of prayers. The fruits can be eaten either freshly from trees or after drying them. All parts of the herb (leaves, fruits, roots) are used for medicinal purposes. The herb is widely helpful to kapha and vata dosas. It is not suited to pita dosa.