Latin name: Piper nigrum Piperaceae
Sanskrit/Indian name: Maricha, Vellaja, Krishna, Kalimirch
Useful for all problems with the urinary tract, particularly where the urine becomes alkaline. It has been used for rickets, slow-healing broken bones, inflammations, lack of appetite, diarrhea, dropsy, jaundice, blood purifier, and fever. Externally, a decoction of madder can be used for skin problems, especially tubercular conditions of the skin and mucous tissue.
In earlier times, madder was used for treating amenorrhea in women. Amenorrhea is the condition when a woman fails to menstruate regularly. This particular use of the herb was quite popular during the medieval times.